Mahón is the capital of Menorca, it's administrative center and population is of nearly 30,000 inhabitants. Inside it's municipality you'll find small towns such as Es Grau or Sa Mesquida amongst others that are dispersed around the 116 squared kilometers of Mahón.
Mahón is a city that was built on a Natural Port that during centuries has been a witness to disembarkments such as the one of Alfonso III of Aragón. In the Puerto de Mahón there are two other existing islands such as Isla del Rey, in honor of Alfonso III, and Isla de Pinto and Isla de Lazareto. Sporadic activities take place on these islands.
Mahóns history is also Menorca's history as it is the history of civilizations that have left their mark on these lands. Romans, phoenicians, greeks, arabs and carthaginians all left a piece of them behind, but most imporantly the carthaginians who founded the Puerto (port).
The saddest chapter in the history of Mahón and the island took place in 1535 by the looting of Pirata Barbaroja (pirate redbeard).
The city of Mahón in the last century has lived off it's port. Boats made their layovers there, especially if they were travelling to North Africa and the south of France, and viceversa. This created port activity, factories and storage areas in the port as well as the logistic zone that created many job positions and riches, as well as inter-racial growth due to the growing immigration rates that favored this maritime transit. This causes Mahón to grow, as well as the size of the port and the neighboring cities, but at a substancial rate. In the last 40 years, with the increase in tourism, Mahón has learned to grow in a controlled manner, to live off it's port and of its tourism, to maintain it's wealth and it's space. Mahón is a municipality that has almost 50% of it's terrain protected, this way evading urbanistic pressures.
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